heel stone

Stonehenge Revisited – Potential Pleiades & Annunaki Connections

Stonehenge megalithic complex, Wiltshire (Photo credit Leonard Farra).

Stonehenge megalithic complex, Wiltshire (Image credit Leonard Farra).

Archaeologists do an excellent job in uncovering, measuring, and describing, Early World structures but when it comes to Stonehenge, the usual explanation they give is that it honours the ancestors. Any mention of a god, or gods, is unacceptable. Furthermore, it’s the norm to only discuss this site and not to consider what was occurring elsewhere in the world.

The first phase of Stonehenge dates to around 3,100 b.c.e when there was climate change, and flooding, around the world, and several civilisations arose ‘fully developed’. According to the Mayan and Hindu calendars, this was the beginning of the present age. The previous one, say most deluge legends, was destroyed by a god due to the evil behaviour of Man. In other words, this was the rebirth of civilisation, after The Flood, and not its birth which we are led to believe. The leaders of the Annunaki, who the Sumerians blamed for the flood, were revered as gods, the creators, or ancestral leaders, in many early cultures and they were sometimes associated with the Pleiades.

Computer generated image of the Stonehenge layout (Image credit Wikipedia).

Computer generated image of the Stonehenge layout (Image credit Wikipedia).

In its first phase, Stonehenge was a large earth circle enclosed within a 6ft high chalk wall and an outer ditch. Inside the outer circle there were 56 circular holes known as the Aubrey Holes. Three hundred years later 80 bluestones, each weighing up to four tonnes, were brought to the site from the Preseli mountains in Wales and, in a central position, at right angles to the avenue, they were arranged in the form of two large concentric U’s.  Another change occurred around 2,100 b.c.e, when a circle of sarsen stones, with a continuous run of lintels, was constructed. Within this circle there were five pairs of sarsens in the form of a huge horseshoe, each pair supporting a lintel, and the bluestones were re-arranged in oval form in the new formation.  At some stage, two concentric henge’s were constructed, on raised banks, around Stonehenge so that it now consisted of several concentric circles around a central U shaped enclosure.  Archaeologists have recently produced a map under the surface of Stonehenge, and the surrounding area, and although they know much more about it they have not provided a satisfactory explanation of its purpose.

What’s known about Stonehenge is that it wasn’t a residence, or a fortified enclosure, or merely an astronomical marker, and the cremated human bones in the Aubrey Holes suggest that they may have been sacrifices. The whole area around this site appears to have been sacred, and a special place to be buried as indicated by the hundreds of earth burial mounds which once dotted the landscape. U shapes feature in pre-historic rock art and at Tustrup in Denmark a central standing stone, in a U shaped enclosure, was aligned to the midsummer sunrise at which time fire rituals may have been enacted. It’s worth noting that in some early cultures a U shape represented a cave and that several gods were reputedly born in one.  In some early countries, axes were symbols of the ‘sky-gods’. Small chalk axes, which served no practical purpose, were buried at Stonehenge and there are carvings of axe heads on the sarsens with their blades pointing towards the sky.

When I researched Middle Eastern Annunaki traditions, many years ago, I discovered, from

Large megalith forming part of the Avesbury stone circle, Wiltshire, England. (Image credit Leonard Farra).

Large megalith forming part of the Avesbury stone circle, Wiltshire, England. (Image credit: Leonard Farra).

the translation of some of the Sumerian texts, by reputable scholars Samuel Noah Kramer and Christian O ‘Brian, from an early book by author Zenaid A Ragozin, and from various other early Middle Eastern sources, how many Annunaki were alleged to have visited the Ancients and the number, and shape, of their craft. What I also found is that there’s a thread running through Annunaki linked traditions, and legends, and that it appears in Old and New World sacred architecture, customs, and legends. This has enabled me to decode many of the Ancient World mysteries. The thread, in the form of symbolism, can be found in some ancient sites in the British Isles including around the Stonehenge and Avebury complex areas. This suggests that these two sites, and probably others in Britain, were associated with the Annunaki.

Around 2,500 b.c.e, thousands of years after the first phase of Stonehenge, Celtic people arrived in the British Isles and early Irish traditions, and some of the age old stories about famous Irish heroes, and King Arthur, are related to those linked with the Annunaki in the Ancient Middle East. Some of the stones at Stonehenge are missing but in number they might represent these beings who also appear to have been symbolised in the form of groups of standing stones in parts of the Old World such in Greece, at Bab Edh-Dhra, near the Dead Sea, in Sulewesi, in Indonesia, and also in the New England Hills in Australia. Could it be that they were also worshipped in Stone Age Wales as there’s a similar formation of stones at Craig-y-nos?

Bryn Celli megalithic complex, Anglesea, UK. (Image credit: Leonard Farra).

Bryn Celli megalithic complex, Anglesea, UK. (Image credit Leonard Farra).

Throughout the Early World, the beings known as the ‘star-people’ were ‘symbolically’ associated with a serpent and it’s possible that the sun and serpent traditions, in some early cultures, represented their craft passing through the sky.  Serpent traditions, customs, and snake dances, were popular in many early cultures. Snakes were revered by the Celtic Druids and serpent linked traditions were popular in England, and elsewhere in Europe, until they were suppressed by the Church around the 12th century. Were they also part of religious traditions thousands of years earlier at Stonehenge?

The basic layout of Stonehenge consists of a large circle and a long avenue, this form of symbolism appears in Stone Age rock art and it can be found at various Stone Age sites around the world including in the Middle East, Pakistan, and India. It was also the plan of a sacred site of a surviving Stone Age cult which was dedicated to the Earth visit of a Pleiades linked civilising god. The Pleiades were featured in numerous Early World traditions. They were associated with the Flood, agriculture, and the civilisers of man, and they regulated some early calendars. Some Native American peoples claim that their ancestors came from these stars and the Toradja in Indonesia believe that they return there when they die.

The Celts celebrated their two main festivals, Beltane and Samhain after the rising of the

Burial mound close to the Avesbury and Stonehenge megalithic complexes. (image credit

Burial mound close to the Avesbury and Stonehenge megalithic complexes. (image credit: Leonard Farra)

Pleiades. Samhain, the origin of Halloween, was celebrated on the first of November, when the gates of the Other-world were opened and ‘the dead returned to Earth’. The Festival of the Dead was held around this time by many early people. Author Colonel. J, Garnier wrote that ‘In Mexico, the festival of the dead was held on the 17th November and was regulated by the Pleiades. It began at sunset and, at midnight, as that constellation approached the zenith, a human sacrifice was offered up to avert the dread calamity which they believed impended over the human race. They had a tradition that the world had been previously destroyed and they dreaded that a similar catastrophe at the end of a cycle would annihilate the human race. This calamity appears to be the terrible flooding, and climate change, which occurred 5,000 years ago in the era of the first phase of Stonehenge.

I have not discussed the Heel Stone, in this article, but its symbolism, which is overlooked by archaeologists, because it doesn’t mean anything to them suggests that it represents a ‘god’ outside his huge circular home.

heel stone

The Heel Stone at Stonehenge. (Image credit: Leonard Farra).


Throughout the Early World there were numerous versions of a Pleiades-linked star-god religion, including among Stone Age people, and the indications are that it was popular in the British Isles where rituals associated with it were enacted at stone circles and sacred sites such Stonehenge and Avesbury. Worshippers probably came from afar to join in the festivities and dignitaries were buried there in ‘circular earth mounds’. The most important festivals are likely to have been celebrated on the solstices, which are aligned to Stonehenge, when numerous festivals took place around the world. It’s likely that the Pleiades played a major role in these ceremonies. The thread, which runs through Middle Eastern Annunaki linked legends, customs, and traditions, can also be found in the British Isles in early symbolism, place names, customs, and in the themes of several British and Irish legends.

Those interested in following this fascinating subject further will find it covered in my three Pleiades Legacy books. They will find that the thread, that I mentioned above, is an important Key to unlocking many of the mysteries of the past.

by Leonard Farra author of the Pleiades Legacy series.

Please click on cover images below for more details and purchasing options available at the Blurb Bookstore.

Pleiadesstoneage pleiadesoldworld PleiadesNewWorld


James Bonwick. Irish Druids and Old Irish Religions. Dorset Press. 1986

Rodney Castleden. Britain 3,000 B.C .Sutton Publishing Limited.2003

Leonard Farra. The Pleiades Legacy (The Stone Age), Blurb 2010

Col. J. Garnier .The Worship of the Dead, or The Origin & Nature of Pagan Idolatry. Chapman & Hall Limited. 1904

Mike Pitts. Hengeworld. Arrow Books.2001

Zenaide A Ragozin. The Story of the Nations. Chaldea ,T.Fisher Unwin. 1900

Alwyn Rees and Brinley Rees. Celtic Heritage. Thames & Hudson. 1961

One comment

  • to begin with , an ancient people knew much more, about Inner Spirituality, than today, for sure…as a tip, take temptation of Jesus Christ : He made circle of 40 measures, to mark space, as not allowed for Vedic Maya Entity to enter, to influence human minds inside…another structures called Dolomites, with hole size for human head, exist all over Russia, as described in Ringing Cedars of Russia…now you may know the hidden purpose of many buildings around the world…by the way number 40, is very popular in Bible, like 40 years of Exodus…why ? M-A-Y-A (40) , when you use 26 letters of English alphabet, as numbers, to begin your diggings….In Revelation 17, Vedic Maya Entity, is described as Great Prostitute…and now ready to be put “into cage” for next 1008 years…ENJOY !

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